Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Lord of the Flies - 3107 Words

Lord of the Flies William Golding In Between the Modern and the Postmodern Content: 1. Fragments chosen.............................................................................. 2. In Between the Modern and the Postmodern - essey........................ 3. Questions.............................................................................................. 4. Bibliography........................................................................................ [ ... ] The reef enclosed more than one side of the island, lying perhaps a mile out and parallel to what they now thought of as their beach. The coral was scribbled in the sea as though a giant had bent down to reproduce the shape of the island in a†¦show more content†¦The painted savages in Chapter 12 who have hunted, tortured, and killed animals and human beings are a far cry from the guileless children swimming in the lagoon in Chapter 3. But Golding does not portray this loss of innocence as something that is done to the children; rather, it results naturally from their increasing openness to the innate evil and savagery that has always existed within them. Golding implies that civilization can mitigate but never wipe out the innate evil that exists within all human beings. The forest glade in which Simon sits in Chapter 3 symbolizes this loss of innocence. At first, it is a place of natural beauty and peace, but when Simon returns later in the novel, he discovers the bloody sow’s head impaled upon a stake in the middle of the clearing. The bloody offering to the beast has disrupted the paradise that existed before—a powerful symbol of innate human evil disrupting childhood innocence. Biblical Parallels Many critics have characterized Lord of the Flies as a retelling of episodes from the Bible. While that description may be an oversimplification, the novel does echo certain Christian images and themes. Golding does not make any explicit or direct connections to Christian symbolism in Lord of theShow MoreRelatedThe Lord Of The Flies1262 Words   |  6 Pages2015 Lord of the Flies Research Paper Evils are what drive all of the negative things in society. Characteristics of evil are all around us in our everyday lives. political leaders, celebrities, People we idolize show characteristics of evil. Even small insignificant roles in society hold certain evils in their motives. Throughout this story these evils were for once boldly stated for all to understand. The games the boys play,the fire they set, and their rescue, in the Lord of the flies showsRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies1468 Words   |  6 PagesThe Lord of the Flies tells the story of a group of English schoolboys marooned on a tropical island after their plane is shot down during a war. Though the novel is fictional, its exploration of the idea of human evil is at least partly based on Golding’s experience with the real-life violence and brutality of World War II. Free from the rules and structures of civilization and society, the boys on the island in Lord of the Flies descend into savagery. Golding’ s experience in World War II had aRead More Lord of the Flies1827 Words   |  8 Pageswhich desire to follow through with. William Golding’s Lord of the Flies and John Polson’s Hide and Seek are two prime examples that demonstrate the conflict between civilised behaviour and savagery through their characters’ cultured manners, savage impulses and struggles as they decide who they really are as people. The instinct to follow rules and act in a civilised manner is highlighted throughout the first four chapters of Lord of the Flies, but is especially perceptible in the boys’ behaviourRead MoreLord of the Flies1669 Words   |  7 PagesLord Of The Flies Summary [pic] |Lord Of The Flies Summary - The Island | |Lord of the Flies is set during World War 2 on a tropical island in the Coral Sea. A group of boys survive a plane crash and are| |left stranded on a deserted island with no adults. At first the boys cling to the principles and laws they were taught during | |their upbringing. They call a meeting where they establish rules,Read MoreLord of the Flies642 Words   |  3 PagesThe book Lord of the Flies shows us how humans act when there is a weakly constructed system of power. We see how a group of civilized young men change into a bunch of crazy animalistic beasts over a very short period of time when there is no one who is â€Å"above† them to order them around and set rules. In The Hunger Games we see a society of people grouped into districts who follow the strict rules of the capital. If you question the capital or disobey one rule or show any sign of treasonRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies1262 Words   |  6 Pages2015 Lord of the Flies Research Paper Evils are what drive all of the negative things in society. Characteristics of evil are all around us in our everyday lives. political leaders, celebrities, People we idolize show characteristics of evil. Even small insignificant roles in society hold certain evils in their motives. Throughout this story these evils were for once boldly stated for all to understand. The games the boys play,the fire they set, and their rescue, in the Lord of the flies showsRead MoreLord of the Flies2048 Words   |  9 PagesIn William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, symbols are illustrated through people, objects, and colors. In this novel, a group of children are faced with the difficulty of living isolated from society after their plane crashes on a deserted island. With no formal civilization, parents, or rules, the kids have the freedom to do as they choose. Throughout the novel, the boys find and use objects on the island that symbolize something of different importance. In Lord of the Flie s, William Golding usesRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies1385 Words   |  6 PagesLord of the Flies In a life or death situation, desperate people resort to drastic measures. Some people were taught how to survive in brutal situations while others were never taught how to hunt if they were lost in the forest. In this life it’s either we know how to survive in a life or death situation or we learn as we go and do everything possible to stay alive. It is normal for people to experience immoral behavior due to the environment they are in and there is not much that can be done. IRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies1111 Words   |  5 PagesThe Lord of the Flies Research Project While the World War II was in act, Adolf Hitler once incited â€Å"You only have to kick in the door, and the whole rotten structure will come crashing down†(Adolf Hitler). The structure coming down symbolizes the fact that the boys’ structure of order, and civilization came crashing down as well. This is found throughout the book. Adolf Hitler is known for his dictatorship, his exquisite leadership skills, and violent warfares.. He uncovered that leadership skillsRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies2105 Words   |  9 PagesBefore starting The Lord of the Flies, a lone question that summed up the entire book was proposed: Are humans good or evil? Though it may not seem like a puzzling question at first, everything inside, and outside of the book makes it more complicated. If we are evil, then everyone would be turned against everyone else from the start, and if we are good, we would always be for everyone else at the beginning. Neither is present in the real world, bring up the question, what is humanity’s true goal

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

America Is Failing By The Declaration Of Independence

America is failing. The very foundation and core beliefs that we hold so dear are a distant speck to our reality. This land is supposed to be rife with opportunities for success. But instead, most find themselves at a disadvantage from the beginning, and burdened by the weight of their expenses. Millions of Americans struggle to put food on the table, pay off debts from a higher education, afford healthcare for themselves and their family, and live comfortably. As proclaimed by the Declaration of Independence, don’t we all have the right to â€Å"life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness†? So then, what is the answer? How do we assist our citizens and revive the American dream? Well, some argue that we need to alter the very fabric of our†¦show more content†¦(2) There also exist opportunities for private wealth and ownership. Essentially, socialism is a less extreme version of communism. In the 2016 presidential race, the nation responded with shock and heat ed discourse over the candidate Bernie Sanders, an admitted democratic socialist. But this concept is not new to America, in fact it has been present since the early 20th century. We even have socialist programs existing today such as Medicare and Social Security. Those who support this ideology argue that a government of the people must provide basic necessities as well as equitable opportunities such as higher education, healthcare, and child care to its citizens. These all seem like fair and beneficial requests of citizens for their government. However, it still receives high criticisms and objections amongst Americans. That is because capitalism is considered a staple of the U.S. We value our individuality, our free market, and our opportunities for social mobility. That, after all, is the very idea of the American dream. Unfortunately, that dream is often crushed by the harsh realities of inequality, discrimination, and social class. The gap between the rich and the poor is wid ening rapidly, with 51.4% of income earned annually going to the richest 20% (3). The middle class is disappearing, the poor are getting poorer, and the rich are profiting. This leads many to the conclusion that a new political and economic system is the answer

Food Disorders Essay Example For Students

Food Disorders Essay Food DisordersThroughout recorded history and even before, mankind has suffered from a variety of illnesses and ailments. Whether it be from viruses, bacterium, or from the person himself, diseases and other disorders continue to take their toll, both physically and mentally. Among these disorders, one might find it unusual to find that even the very act of eating can sometimes be harmful to oneself. Compulsive overeating, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa are disorders that do not receive much of the media spotlight: nevertheless, these are serious enough to warrant medical care, since if left untreated, the patients succumb to the disorder or to one of many related side effects. These eating disorders combined affect about five million people in the United States alone, and of that number, about one percent of men and five percent of adolescent and adult women have anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. What is even more compelling is that fifteen percent of young women have unhealthy or disordered eating patterns that, in time, could lead to severe health problems. As if these statistics were not sobering enough, about one thousand women die from anorexia nervosa each year (http://www. mirror-miror.org/symptoms.htm). Research has proven that there is no single group of people afflicted with these disorders. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and compulsive overeating can strike anyone, no matter their ethnicity, sex, or age. Other illnesses can bring about eating disorders, but more often than not their origin is somewhat uncertain. What one can be certain of is that these diseases can be cured, although, not without the disorder taking its toll on the body. Grants and funds have been set up for the education of people about eating disorders and to provide help and support, such as the Elisa Ruth McCall Memorial Endowment Fund, established in memory of Elisa McCall, who at age 20 died from an eating disorder (http://www. mirror-miror.org/symptoms.htm).Anorexia nervosa is probably the easiest to spot of the three major eating disorders. It was also one of the first to be recorded, as early as 1649, by an English physician. However, it was not until the 1870’s that a Parisian neurologist again described the disorder and a British physician gave it its current name (http://ndmda.org/eating.htm). At first, it was thought to be related to the endocrine system and was treated with thyroid extracts, which did not help. Anorexia nervosa was thought to be a rare disease, but in the early 1980’s it became widely known as a result of the death of Karen Carpenter, a popular singer. Some of the warning signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa are a very rapid and noticeable weight loss, excessive exercise, unusual eating habits, and of complaining about one’s weight, even when it is within reasonable limits. Fatigue and muscle weakness are brought about by the decrease in food consumption. Evidence of excessive use of laxatives, enemas, diet pills, or frequent vomiting are other signs of the disorder, as are depression, irritability, mood swings, or dizziness. People that suffer from the disorder often wear baggy clothing to hide their weight loss. In women, the loss of the menstrual pattern or an irregular pattern are often signs of the disorder. Other symptoms are headaches, a pale complexion, and cold spells. Curiously, the absence of appetite is very rare until the later stages of the disease. Another symptom is lowered hormonal levels in the patient, very often thyroid suppression (http://www.mirror-mirror.org/def. htm). Factors that could be the precipitating causes of the disease are most likely to be social and psychological, although biological factors could indicate a predisposition towards the disease. In the Unites States and other Western societies, there is much emphasis on a woman being thin to be considered attractive and desirable. That is supposed to be the main culprit in the development of this disorder. A Scandal in Bohemia was written by Sir Arthur Con Essayorg/eating.htm). Compulsive overeating is another of the food disorders many people suffer from. It is generally characterized by uncontrollable eating and weight gain (http://www. mirror-mirror.org/phymed.num). The main goal of compulsive eaters is to escape from problems, or to cope with emotions or stress. The people suffering from this disorder do realize they have a problem. Usually the problem starts in a person’s early years as a result of never learning how to handle stressful situations(http://www.mirror-mirror.org/def. htm). Dieting does not help, since they usually fail, and in doing so, often bring on another eating binge. As of today, this problem is not taken as seriously as anorexia and bulimia. Therapy and counseling could be effective in dealing with this problem. Of course, not every person that completes the treatment will go on and be cured of it forever. Every so often a person will fall into the cycle again, but that person does not have to continue in it. Discussion of the relapse with the therapist is recommended. Punishing oneself after a relapse is discouraged. When one does relapse, think about how it happened and the steps that led to it. The underlying issues of the disorder must be dealt with even if one is already eating normally (http://www.mirror-miror.org/symptoms. htm). Eating disorders can be overcome if the person suffering from it seeks the needed help, since most people will not admit to the problem, either because they believe they do not have a problem or because they are too afraid to admit it. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are now being treated for serious disorders, but compulsive overeating is still not being classified as a serious disorder. These three disorders combined are taking their toll on people of all ages and their families. (http://www.mirror-mirror.org/def.htm) (http://www. mirror-mirror.org/phymed.num) (http://ndmda.org/eating. htm) (http://www.smu.edu/~eating_disorders/body.html) (http://www. mirror-miror.org/symptoms.htm) Bibliography. (http://www.mirror-mirror.org/def.htm) (http://www.mirror-mirror.org/phymed.num) (http://ndmda.org/eating.htm) (http://www.smu.edu/~eating_disorders/body.html) (http://www.mirror-miror.org/symptoms.htm) Sports and Games

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

The Rise Of The UFW Essay Research free essay sample

The Rise Of The UFW Essay, Research Paper UFW History The Rise of the UFW For over a century farmworkers had been denied equal life in the Fieldss of California. Farmworkers were necessary to the biggest industry of the province, but merely if workers remained concerted and obedient. Many had tried but failed to organize the farmworkers. By the early 1960 # 8217 ; s things were get downing to revolutionise. Within two decennaries more over 50,000 farmworkers were signed under brotherhood contractsi. The Bracero plan, an understanding between the United States and Mexican authoritiess, became Public Law 78 in 1951. The plan to supply Mexican agricultural workers to agriculturists. Public Law 78 stated that no bracero, a impermanent worker imported from Mexico, could replace an American worker. However, the jurisprudence was seldom enforced. Agriculturists wanted the Bracero plan to prevail after World War II because they wanted to replace domestic workers. A little but active National Farm Labor Union, led by Ernesto Galarza, wanted to make a permanent California farmworkers brotherhood in the 1940 # 8217 ; s and 50 # 8217 ; s. We will write a custom essay sample on The Rise Of The UFW Essay Research or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page /Farmworkers, guided by Cesar Chavez, were able mass meeting up other brotherhoods. In churches and community groups, workers allied with the turning civil rights motion to derive adequate support on politicians to stop the Bracero Program by 1964. But many things were unable to alter. Grape choosers in 1965 were doing an norm of $ .90/hour, plus 10 cents per basket picked. Agriculturists ignored province Torahs sing working criterions. At a spread, workers were forced to pay a one-fourth for a cup of H2O. No spreads had portable field lavatories. Workers # 8217 ; impermanent lodging was divided by race, and they paid two dollars or more per twenty-four hours for hovels with no indoor plumbing or cookery installations. Farm labour contractors played favourites with workers, choosing friends foremost, sometimes accepting payoffs. Child labour was rampant, and many workers were injured or died in easy preventable accidents. The mean life anticipation of a farmworker was 49 old ages old. Two organisations attempted to stand for and form the farmworkers. One had been formed in 1959 by the AFL? CIO, called the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee. It was an subdivision of an earlier farmworker organisation, the Agricultural Workers Association ( AWA ) . AWOC was largely composed of Filipinos, Chicanos, Anglos and Black workers. The Filipino workers in peculiar had experience forming brotherhoods in the Fieldss and with work stoppages. Two of its early leaders were Larry Itliong, a Filipino, and Dolores Huerta, a Chicana. The National Farm Workers Association ( NFWA ) was started by a immature Chicano named Cesar Chavez in 1962. Chavez had become the CSO? s national manager. CSO worked with communities to work out jobs through forming and direct action. But when CSO refused to concentrate its attempts on forming farmworkers, Chavez left to establish the NFWA. From his base in Delano, he traveled for three old ages from town to town in the cardinal vales of California, run intoing with groups of farmworkers in their places, constructing an organisation he hoped would one twenty-four hours go an effectual brotherhood. His cofounder was Dolores Huerta, one of the CSO # 8217 ; s farmworker militants. Two work stoppages occurred in 1965. Eighty-five farmworkers in a McFarland rose farm asked the NFWA to assist them derive a pay addition. Assisted by Chavez and Huerta, the workers struck. After a few yearss the agriculturists agreed to the pay addition but non to brotherhood acknowledgment. The workers contented themselves with the money and returned to work. Around the same clip AWOC led a work stoppage of 100s of Filipino and Mexican grape choosers in Coachella Valley. Although the bracero plan had officially ended the twelvemonth earlier, a new U.S. ? Mexico understanding allowed agriculturists to import Mexican workers, if they were paid $ 1.25 an hr, and neer paid more than domestic workers. When Coachella grape agriculturists attempted to pay the local workers less than the imported workers, the Filipinos, many of whom were AWOC members, refused to work. Geting the grapes picked and to market rapidly is important to the Coachella agriculturists # 8217 ; net incomes. After 10 yearss the agriculturists decided to pay everyone $ 1.25 per hr, including Chicanos who had joined the Filipinos. However, no brotherhood contract was signed. At the terminal of summer, many of the farmworkers from the successful Coachella action had come up to Delano, draging the grape crop. Farmworkers demanded $ 1.25 per hr, and when they didn # 8217 ; t have it, on September 8 nine farms were struck, organized by AWOC # 8217 ; s Larry Itliong. After five yearss agriculturists began to convey in Chicano strikebreaker from the environing country. AWOC approached Chavez and asked the NFWA to fall in the largely Filipino work stoppage. At a meeting on September 16, packed with 100s of workers, the NFWA voted nem con to strike excessively. Chavez was discerning. Asked subsequently when he felt his organisation, which had $ 100 in its bank history, would hold been ready to travel out on a large work stoppage. In joinin g the work stoppage, the NFWA, with many more members than AWOC, took the lead. It besides strengthened the cultural make up of the work stoppage: now the bulk of workers involved were Chicano. By September 20 more than 30 farms were out, with several thousand workers go forthing the Fieldss. Despite the big Numberss of striking farmworkers, nevertheless, the workers could non rally lookout lines at all the spreads at the same time. There were many Fieldss strung across 100s of stat mis. NFWA and AWOC set up a system of rolling lookouts, with different Fieldss picketed each twenty-four hours. Fifteen or 20 autos full of lookouts would travel to a field where a agriculturist was trying to utilize scabs. Striking workers, frequently harassed by the agriculturists and constabularies, sometimes violently, would seek to acquire the strikebreaker to go forth the Fieldss. Unusually, their entreaties were successful much of the clip in carrying workers to fall in the work stoppage. The agriculturists made a error about instantly. They had ever been able to stop work stoppages with little pay grants. Soon after the work stoppage began, they raised rewards to $ 1.25 per hr. This clip they were shocked to detect it wasn # 8217 ; t plenty. The rise simply encouraged the strikers to believe they were being effectual. Now there had to be a brotherhood, excessively. Shortly after the work stoppage erupted, Chavez called upon the populace to boycott from purchasing grapes without a brotherhood label. Union voluntaries were sent out to large metropoliss, where they established boycott centres that organized friendly groups-unions, churches, community organizations-to non purchase grapes, and in bend to fall in in publicising the boycott. The two biggest agriculturists in the Delano country, Schenley and DiGiorgio, were the most vulnerable to the boycott. Both companies were owned by corporate entities with central offices far from Delano. For each company grape growth was a comparatively minor portion of a larger economic imperium. Schenley and DiGiorgio had brotherhood contracts with workers in many other parts of their concern. The boycott had the possible to ache gross revenues in other merchandise countries, and to harm labour dealingss with their other workers. Schenley was the first to give in to the work stoppage. Soon after the work stoppage began Schenley had sprayed striking workers with agricultural toxicants. In protest the NFWA organized a March to Sacramento. Seventy strikers left Delano and began a March on March 17, 1966, led by Chavez. They walked about 340 stat mis in 25 yearss. Along the manner they rallied with 1000s of people. Arriving in Sacramento, Chavez announced to a heartening presentation of 10,000 protagonists in forepart of the Capitol edifice that Schenley had bowed before the force per unit area and signed an understanding with the NFWA. Within hebdomads, DiGiorgio agreed to keep a representation election. But before the election could be held, a complication arose. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters, disregarding the inquiries of societal justness at the nucleus of the farmworkers # 8217 ; run for brotherhood acknowledgment, offered itself to DiGiorgio as a conservative option to the NFWA/AWOC. The agriculturist thirstily assented. Chavez and the NFWA, infuriated at this treachery by another brotherhood, called for the workers to boycott the election. Heeding the call of the brotherhood, more than half the 800 workers at DiGiorgio # 8217 ; s immense Sierra Vista spread refused to vote. Governor Pat Brown appointed an arbiter, who ordered another election. This clip the NFWA beat the Teamsters resolutely. The two largest agriculturists in Delano were employers of brotherhood labour. However, the work stoppage dragged on at tonss of grape farms throughout the Delano country. In the yesteryear a farmworkers # 8217 ; brotherhood would hold been unable to last such a long struggle. But there was strength in worker solidarity. NFWA and AWOC merged during the summer, merely before the DiGiorgio election. On August 22, the two organisations became the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee, AFL? CIO ( UFWOC ) . The new brotherhood received forming financess from the AFL? CIO, every bit good as work stoppage support from other brotherhoods dwelling of nutrient, hard currency, and office equipment. Despite go oning Teamster collusion with the agriculturists, the UFWOC organized steadily in the Fieldss, and the grape boycott gathered steam in the metropoliss. By 1970 the UFW got grape agriculturists to accept brotherhood contracts and efficaciously organized most of that industry, claiming 50,000 dues paying member ; the most of all time represented by a brotherhood in California agribusiness. A addition included a brotherhood tally engaging hall, a wellness clinic and wellness program, recognition brotherhood, community centre and concerted gas station, every bit good as higher rewards. The engaging hall meant an terminal to favoritism and favouritism by labour contractors. In metropoliss around the state UFW support became stronger. UFWOC had become both a brotherhood and a civil rights motion, and this was the key to its success. The double character of the farmworkers organisation gave it a deepness of moral force per unit area and sense of mission felt by members and protagonists likewise. It seemed as if the farmworkers of California had eventually created a brotherhood that would last.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Heres Every College That Offers 100% Financial Aid

Here's Every College That Offers 100% Financial Aid SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips One of the most important questions you will have to ask yourself during your college selection process is whether or not your top choice school is affordable for your family. Affordability has a huge impact on college decisions. Some students will luck out and be offered a nice scholarship by their school that will make things affordable. Others will win independent scholarships. Usually, though, both of these options for financing your education are based on merit, and there is a lot of competition. But did you know that some schools are committed to making sure all admitted students can afford to attend, regardless of whether they are scholarship recipients? Read on to see a list of colleges that meet full need, or provide for 100% of their students’ demonstrated financial need. What Does Demonstrated Financial Need Mean? Part of the application process is filling out a multitude of forms that colleges use to determine how much your family can reasonably afford to pay. The two most common forms are the FAFSA (short for the Free Application for Federal Student Aid) and the CSS Profile (short for the College Scholarship Service Profile). Other schools may have their own forms that they ask you to fill out. On these forms, you’ll have to state your parents’ income and assets, as well as your own (if you have any), and the number of dependents in your household. The government and colleges then run some calculations to decide what’s reasonable for your family to contribute to the cost of your education. Of course, this plan is not foolproof for getting the money you need for college. First of all, many families feel that the government and colleges do not do a very good job of determining how much they are able to pay. The calculations can be different from school to school, and just because an outside arbiter has decided that your family can â€Å"afford,† say, $15,000 per year, doesn’t mean that in reality they can. Many families feel they are in a difficult situation because their incomes are too high for the larger pools of financial aid but too low to be comfortable giving up such a large chunk of money. Of course, the situation is even worse for those who are planning on sending multiple kids to college. Additionally, just because you demonstrate financial need doesn't mean that you will get financial aid- or at least, as much as you need. Many schools simply cannot afford to give away as much financial aid as their students need. They instead give some money, but not enough to cover the cost. For example, let’s say your school costs $54,000 per year. You've been told that your family can afford to pay $20,000 per year- but in reality, that’s a stretch. That leaves you $34,000 short of full tuition. Your school offers to kick in $15,000. So you are left with a gap of $19,000, plus the $20,000 that you couldn’t really afford in the first place. This is why so many students are left with no option but to take out extensive private student loans, often leaving them riddled with massive debt for years after graduation. 100% Meet Need Schools Fortunately, there are some schools out there that are committed to staying affordable for all of their students. Colleges and universities that pledge to meet 100% of their students’ financial need are a relatively rare breed. There are currently fewer than 75 schools that will meet all of your financial need. The schools on the lists below make sure that you get the money you need (outside of your family’s calculated contribution, of course) through grants, loans, work study, and scholarships. Some have taken this generosity one step further and pledged that they will meet the full financial need of their students without requiring them to take out loans. What Does This Financial Aid Look Like? For the top schools listed below, financial aid will come 100% in the form of grants, scholarships, and work study. Grants and scholarships are financial gifts that do not need to be paid back. Work study means that these schools guarantee you will be given a job that will cover some of your costs. However, some of the schools listed below will also include loans as part of their financial aid packages. When a school considers your FAFSA and your aid package, they also determine your eligibility for federal loan programs. These loans need to be repaid, but if they are granted through your school, they count as part of your â€Å"100% financial aid program.† The most common federal loans that you will hear about being part of your financial aid package are as follows: Subsidized Stafford Loans: the government pays interest while you are in school and during your grace periods Unsubsidized Stafford Loans:you are responsible for the interest that accrues while you are studying Federal PLUS Loans:given to theparents of undergraduate students These loans are usually much better than private student loans because they tend to have lower interest rates, grace periods, convenient repayment plans, and loan forgiveness programs. However, there are limits to the amount that a student can borrow every year through federal loan programs. Therefore, some students will additionally be offered loans through their school. Though the rates on these loans are not usually quite as low-interest as federal loans, they tend to have lower interest rates than other private loans. The other big difference between schools that include loans as part of their 100% need-met financial aid programs and schools that leave a portion of your needs unmet and require you to find your own loans is that you qualify automatically for these loans if they are offered as part of your financial aid package. Receiving the loans is as easy as checking a box on your financial aid statement. What Kinds of Schools Meet 100% of Need? As you are looking over the lists below, you might start to notice a pattern.Most of these schools are well known for being excellent in their fields.It’s usually the top schools that are committed to and able to meet 100% of their students’ financial needs. There are a few reasons for this. The first is that, traditionally, these schools are attended by wealthier students. When many students are paying full price, and some even have family members making financial donations to the school, these schools will have more money to spread around to students who are not as well-off financially. Many of these schools also have larger endowments than the average university, which means there is more money to give to students who need it. Finally, meeting 100% of students’ financial needs has become a selling point for top schools that are competing for top students. Once one school started having this policy, others had to match it to stay competitive and continue being attractive to the best students. The bottom line is that you can attend a top school and have it be affordable. The Best of the Best: 100% Need Met Without Loans, Regardless of Income The following schools have the most generous financial aid packets. They are willing to meet 100% of your demonstrated financial need without making you take out loans, regardless of your family income. To illustrate what this means, let’s imagine two students going through a fictional financial aid process. Student A’s parents make $130,000 per year but have a couple of children currently attending college. After looking at their FAFSA, the schools below decide Student A’s parents can make a contribution of $30,000 per year toward average yearly fees of $50,000.Student A would, therefore, get the remaining $20,000 per year in financial aid through scholarships, grants, and work study. Student B’s parents, on the other hand, make just under $50,000 per year. After looking at their FAFSA, the schools below decide Student B’s family should not have to contribute financially. Student B is awarded the full $50,000 through scholarships, grants, and work study. All information below is taken from US News. Now, let's look at these crà ¨me de la crà ¨me schools: Harvard has one of the best financial aid programs out there. Amherst College Bowdoin College Brown University Colby College Columbia University Davidson College Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Northwestern University Pomona College Princeton University Stanford University Swarthmore College University of Chicago University of Pennsylvania US Air Force Academy US Naval Academy Vanderbilt University Washington and Lee University West Point Yale University Second Best: 100% of Need Met With No Loans for Some Incomes These schools will meet 100% of your financial need no matter what your family’s income is, but if your income is below a certain level, they will also make sure you don't have to take out any loans. Let’s consider Student A and Student B again to illustrate this. Student A’s parents can contribute $30,000 per year toward the $50,000 cost of tuition and living. To meet the $20,000 of need, Student A is offered $3,500 in Subsidized Stafford Loans and $2,000 in Unsubsidized Loans, while theparents are offered a PLUS Loan of $2,500. Student A is then offered the final $12,000 through a combination of scholarships, grants, and work study. Student B’s parents make less than $50,000. Almost all of the schools listed below require no financial contribution from Student B’s parents. Student B is offered the full $50,000 yearly cost through scholarships, grants, and work study. The following schools are taken from US News. Below are the schools that offer this kind of aid: Dartmouth is one of the schools that offers loan-free aid to some students. Cornell University Aid is loan-free if your parents' total income is less than $60,000 and total assets are less than $100,000. Dartmouth College Aid is loan-free if your parents earn less than $100,000. Your family will not be expected to make any financial contribution. Duke University Aid is loan-free if your parents earn less than $40,000. Your family will not be expected to make any financial contribution. Haverford College Aid is loan-free if your parents earn less than $60,000. Families making more than this threshold can expect small loans ranging from $1,500 to $3,000 a year. Rice University Aid is loan-free if your parents earn less than $130,000. Vassar College Aid is loan-free for students from "low-income families." Washington University in St. Louis Aid is loan-free if your parents earn less than $75,000. Wellesley College Aid is loan-free if your calculated family contribution is less than $7,000 and your parents earn less than $60,000. All other students qualifying for financial aid can expect to have a maximum of $15,200 in loans over four years. Williams College Aid is loan-free if parents earn less than $75,000 with "typical assets." 100% of Need With Loans Though these financial aid packets won’t seem as great compared with the non-loan ones above, the fact that these schools commit to meeting 100% of students’ demonstrated financial need is a rare thing. These schools expect students to take out some loans as part of their financial aid packagesbut will make sure that there are no gaps between what the aid package is worth and the cost of tuition. Let’s go back to our fictional students for a moment. Student A’s parents who earn $130,000 are expected to contribute $30,000 per year toward the $50,000 cost of attendance. Student A is awarded $3,500 in Subsidized Stafford Loans, $2,000 in Unsubsidized Stafford Loans, and a $3,500 loan directly from the school. Student A’s parents are also offered a $7,000 PLUS Loan. Finally, student A gets the opportunity to earn $2,000 per year in work studyand receives a grant for $2,000. By contrast, student B’s parents make less than $50,000 and are not expected to contribute anything up front. Student B is awarded $3,500 in Subsidized Stafford Loans, $2,000 in Unsubsidized Stafford Loans, and a $10,000 loan directly from the school. Student B is also offered $3,500 in work study. Student B’s parents get a PLUS loan of $10,000. The final $21,000 is awarded through grants and scholarships. Schools who offer students 100% needs met (with loans) financial aid include the following: USC is one school that meets 100% of financial need with loans. Barnard CollegeBates College Boston College Bryn Mawr College California Institute of Technology Carleton CollegeCase Western Reserve UniversityClaremont-McKenna College Colgate University College of the Holy Cross Connecticut College Colorado CollegeDenison CollegeEmory University (US only) Franklin Marshall College Georgetown University Grinnell College Hamilton College Harvey Mudd CollegeJohns Hopkins University Kenyon College Lafayette College Macalester College Middlebury College Mount Holyoke CollegeNortheastern University (US only) Oberlin College Occidental College Pitzer College Scripps CollegeSkidmore College Smith College Thomas Aquinas College Trinity College Tufts UniversityUCLA Union College University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill University of Notre Dame University of RichmondUniversity of Rochester (does not include Eastman School of Music) University of Southern CaliforniaUniversity of Virginia Wake Forest University Wesleyan University Final Thoughts: Colleges Offering 100% Aid The biggest thing that you can take away from this list is the knowledge that top colleges in the US are working hard to be affordable to all students. If you decide to apply to one of the schools listed above, you can do so with the confidence that you will neither have to come up with the money to finance it up front nor hunt down your own private student loans. And if you don’t see your top choice on this list, don’t be discouraged. More and more schools are working toward being able to cover 100% of their students’ financial needs. Many of the schools that aren’t there yet still have great financial aid packages. Even better, many of them offer merit-based scholarships that you might be eligible for. Also, keep in mind that you should always be on the lookout for outside, private scholarships to help fund your tuition. What's Next? The government can sometimes help with tuition costs, especially if you're from a low-income family. Check out our article to see whether you are eligible for a Pell Grant. As you consider where to apply to college, you might want to look at our list of cheap out-of-state colleges and the most expensive colleges in the country. Don’t be surprised by the surprise costs of college! Read this article to see what college really costs. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points?We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Causes of Software Crisis

Causes of Software Crisis This paper justifies the symptoms and primary causes of software crisis. You will see that the writer made a comparison of software crisis in different countries. We took the information from different articles published in UK, USA and Canada. The findings and suggestions are described at the end to minimise the risk involved while planning and developing a software project. Introduction We begin with the symptoms of Software crisis. Evidence is provided by the documents produced by US military on software crisis. Furthermore, Charelle, (2005) has complied some more astounding failure statistics of software crisis. We have also discussed the major causes of the software crisis and the description of those causes. The major factor of causing failure in Software management projects is lack of coordination between the teams itself. In last two decades the technology trend is going upward and small and big organizations are adopting the latest technologies and techniques to improve thei r output productivity. This report reflects the major symptoms and causes of a software crisis along with their description. In the end of the report we conclude with the suggestions to improve the whole process to avoid software crisis. Symptoms of Software Crisis Many researchers agree software project failures occur more frequently than they should, some of them have tinted a crisis within the software industry (Conte et al, 1986; DeMarco, 1982). To assess the success or failure of the project express on cost, delivery time, and quality, Glass (1998) highlighted these three main aspects. Circumstantial evidence is used to highlight the symptoms and primary causes of project failure which creates serious concerns. Comparison of software crisis between different countries The other main cause of software crisis is that the machines have become more powerful, if we compare with the past we had a few computer programming with a minor problem in software. Now we have huge computer pro gramming with an equally huge problem in software. Some documents have been written to describe the failure of software project by US military and most of the software problem which had been identified in military area is the same in private sector. In this report the given table explain the major causes of software crisis, in 2001-2002 actual cost of National Insurance Recording System 2, Probation Service Crain, and Child Support Agency project increased for the reason of delays in project time, increase in actual costs and change of the system. Over cost of amount  £ 40.4 million increased in the project of (NIRS2) and same problem occurred in the project of (PSC) and an extra amount of  £ 50 million spent on the project of (CSA) to improve the system. Overall the causes of software crisis are linked to the complexity of hardware and software development process. Some other further evidence shows that in 2001, a planned project for Immigration and National Directorate was can celled since department analyzed that new system would be more complex and needs an amount of  £ 77million for the implementation of the project that is difficult for the department to pay such huge amount for this project. In the dates of 2001/2002, another new issue of fraud was highlighted in the software project of Individual Learning Accounts; it was a Flagship Training Scheme and an amount of  £ 66.9 million was fixed for its implementation. In the sequence of heavy budgeted costs a software project for Defence Logistics Organization in the year of 2002 was suspended on the reason of insufficient funds to start this heavy cost project of an amount of  £ 120 million. In the table shows that in the year 1999 a software project for Passport Agency a cost of  £ 12.6 million was suspended behind estimating high actual costs. In the prospect of high costs of software, in 1999 Home office scrapped the project that had been planned for improvement in prison services, estimated costs for this software project was about  £ 8 million. In the year 2002, a software project Libra for linkup the magistrates was under consideration and required an amount of  £ 134 million for implementation of this project. Overall in all above evidences, it shows that crisis of software apparent itself in several ways:

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Nationalism and Political Economy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Nationalism and Political Economy - Essay Example Corporations that were led by large financial companies. Lenin’s theory shows that the two developments are intrinsically linked since the concentration of capital created inequality where the general population could not absorb the commodities achieve by the high level of productive capacity. From this premise, capitalist class controls the nation politically since Lenin theorized that Finance capital, which is the dominant form of capital, is useful to state machinery in colonizing the surrounding. Though he showed that this strategy could function in the short-term, Lenin showed that in the long-term it would weaken imperialism as well as capitalism. In an inquiry of imperialism, the engagements of capitalist nations play an indispensable role and are practically an axiom of Marxist theory that nations act to defend welfares of the governing people. There are many statements to this effect in Marx’s writing even though he offered little-detailed analysis in support, however; he managed to show that states act to preserve the broad outlines of the social system since the ruling class is well organized in defending its interests. Moreover, high-level personnel of the nation like politicians has â€Å"clear interest in preserving the existing state organization† (Hobson 153); however, this dominant mode can only result in â€Å"chaos and economic regression† (Marx & Friedrich 15) in the absence of an affirmative alternative (Lenin 96; Schumpeter 105-110). Scholars of political economy regardless of whether they are liberals, Marxists or institutionalists mostly assume questions of national identity to be marginal in the understanding of changing economic structures. Therefore, the neglect between of the relationship between national identity and political economy, which is unfortunate since it, leaves central features of transformation unexamined. Economic nationalism can be comprehended in terms of relationships that links national identity to political economy; thus, this approach focuses on nation and understanding of the national identity as being rooted in the nation’s political economy (Polanyi 28). Thus, I believe there is need to examine economic nationalism as a form of local political struggle since it links an understanding of national identity to certain economic prescriptions. Friedrich in his national system of political economy he considers that political economy in international commerce has drawn lessons from experiences where the measures taken have to be appropriate for the people. Loyalties in nations arise since there is no monopoly because internal competition comes in place of foreign competition ad each individual in the country has the privilege of obtaining a share of the advantages a nation offers to its citizens moreover, loyalties for nations arise from good systems of protection.